CLINICAL PROFILE AND OUTCOME OF CHILDREN WITH COVID-19 ADMITTED AT EKKA- KOTEBE TREATMENT CENTER
Keywords:Coronavirus disease 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Ekka-Kotebe, Ethiopia, Childhood/Children, Pediatrics
Background: Understanding the clinical profile and outcome of pediatrics Coronavirus disease 2019 will help plan better prevention and treatment strategies taking the local context into consideration. The aim of the study is to assess the clinical characteristics and outcome of pediatrics COVID 19 patients admitted to Ekka Kotebe treatment center from March 20, 2020, to August 20, 2020
Method: This retrospective study included all children in Addis Ababa who tested positive for COVID-19 and were admitted at Ekka Kotebe treatment center from March to August 2020. The data was collected from the patient records of the participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS for windows version 25. The sociodemographic, clinical presentation and their outcome was analyzed using descriptive analysis for each data was done. The finding was presented in tables and graph.
Result: A total of 87 children were included in the study, of these 71 (81.6%) were from Addis Ababa. 64.8% (n = 57) of participants were male with a mean age of 10.8years while 11% (n =10) were infants. About 45.5% (n = 40) had history of household contact. Comorbidities were noted in 10.3% (n = 9) children. More than two third (72.7 %, n = 64) of participants were
asymptomatic. Of the 23 symptomatic children, fever (65%, n = 15) was most common followed by cough (6.8%, n = 6), sore throat (2.3%, n = 2). 69.3% (n = 61) stayed for more than 14 days but one of the participants had a fatal outcome.
Conclusion: Important number of children with COVID-19 had a household contact and presented asymptomatic or with a mild illness. Severe and critical illness were observed in those with comorbidity